About Turkey

A uniquely varied and beautiful country, Turkey spans the continents of Europe and Asia. For thousands of years, Anatolia, the crossroad of history, the link between East and West has witnessed the mass migrations of diverse peoples, shaping the course of history. The home to countless civilizations, Anatolia has developed a unique synthesis of cultures, each with its own distinct identity yet each linked to its predecessors through insoluble threads.

  29561259842051 After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Turkish people came together to build a new Turkey. Atatürk, leader of the War of Independence and founder of the Turkish Republic, embarked on a quest to catch up with the most advanced countries in the world. In one generation, Turkey completed westernization of its institutions, achieved economic independence and established a secular democracy that gave the vote to women as early as 1932.

Today Turks determine their future through a pluralistic democratic system based on free elections, more or less continuously for half a century. The country has a legal system compatible with those of Europe. Turkey began to make use of its extensive potential and increasingly integrated into international trade. Turkey has a huge potential and offers many business opportunities.

Turkey is the 22nd largest economy in the World according to the recent World Economic Outlook prepared by the IMF with a GNP figure of 239.8 billion dollars. Income per capita is 3574 dollars according to this report. The export figure for the year 2003 is 46 billion 877 million dollars and the import figure is 68 billion 734 million dollars. These figures show that there is a huge potential in Turkey, and Turkey offers great opportunities to businessmen all over the World.

goturkey-wp10h Secular Turkey is a tolerant state that guarantees freedom of thought, speech and belief. The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate, the leader of Eastern Christianity, has remained in Istanbul since Byzantine times. The country’s citizens include many Christian sects and Serphadic and Ashkenazi Jews.

The slogan ‘’Peace at home, peace abroad’’ signifies the role Turkey plays in world politics. Turkey takes its role as a link between east and west seriously and in its cultural conservation of the remains of past civilizations demonstrates its commitment to preserving the rich cultural heritage of Anatolia.

Today Turkey is a great destination with its diversity, originality and vigor of the landscape, fascinating history, the warmth and pride of its people, the allure of its heritage and the absolute beauty of the land.

LANGUAGE

0fbdeb485b2b3650c03103b813d71435 Turkish is a Ural-Altaic language related to the Finno-Ugric. Turkish is written in a Latin alphabet and spoken by some 150-200 million people around the world. English, German and French are widely spoken in cities and resorts.

CLIMATE

Due to the variety of its physical features, Turkey possesses a mixed range of different climate types. The Mediterranean and Aegean coasts have mild winters and hot summers whereas the Black Sea coats have a wetter climate with rain all year round. The region of Marmara where Istanbul is located, climate is a combination of both with pleasantly warm spring and fall, with hot dry summer and relatively cold winter.

The following are the average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for
Istanbul:

turkey_0259

Jan 46F 8C
Feb 47F 9C
Mar 51F 11C
Apr 60F 16C
May 69F 21C
June 77F 25C
July 82F 28C
Aug 82F 28C
Sept 76F 24C
Oct 68F 20C
Nov 59F 15C
Dec 51F 11C

VISAS
For the participants requiring visas, visas can be easily obtained from Turkish Embassies abroad and / or at the airport. For World Chambers Congress 2007, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey would ease the visa procedure of delegates having the names prior to the Congress.

CURRENCY
Currency is Turkish Lira. The exchanges rate is set on a daily basis. There are many banks and exchange bureaus. Traveler’s checks can be cashed in banks and hotels. The credit cards are generally accepted by most of the hotels, restaurants and shops.

ELECTRICITY
Voltage in use is 220 V.

WEIGHT AND MEASURES
Turkey uses the metric system for weight and measures.

OPENING AND CLOSING TIMES
Banks are open weekdays; 08.30 am – noon and 1.30 pm – 5.00 pm. Mosques are usually open to the public except prayer hours. Museums are generally open Tuesday-Sunday 9.30 am – 4.30 pm and closed Monday Shops are closed all day Sunday except for large malls.

OFFICIAL HOLIDAYS
January 1st- New Year’s Day
April 23- National Independence and Children’s Day
May 19 – Atatürk Commemoration and Youth and Sports Day
August 30 – Victory Day (final rout of invading forces in 1922)
October 29 – Republic Day (anniversary of the declaration of Turkish Republic)

RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS*
Şeker Bayram (sugar feast), three day feast marking the end of Ramadan, and is based on the lunar Calendar, varying yearly. Kurban Bayram (sacrificial feast), varying yearly according to the lunar calendar *Every year move approximately 11 days backwards.

CUISINE
turkey_0205 The Turkish Cuisine has the extra privilege of being at the crossroads of the Far East and the Mediterranean, which mirrors a long and complex history of Turkish migration from the steppes of Central Asia, where they mingled with the Chinese, to Europe where they exerted influence all the way to Vienna. All these unique characteristics and history have bestowed upon the Turkish Cuisine a rich and varied number of dishes, which can be prepared and combined with other dishes in meals of almost indefinite variety. Whether at home or at a famous restaurant or at a dinner in a mansion, familiar patterns of this rich and diverse cuisine are always present.

SHOPPING
Shopping is one of the great pleasures of a trip to Turkey. Alongside the most modern objects, traditional handicrafts from villages and provinces can be found. The most popular objects are carpets, leather and suede goods, and copper and bronze wares, silver, ceramics, handicrafts, embroidery, and the famous Turkish meerschaum and onyx. For something a little more unusual, there is Hubble-bubble pipe (nargile) or backgammon set.

FESTIVALS – FAIRS – EVENTS
Following is the list of cultural happenings, festivals and events in different cities and/or provinces of Turkey throughout the year.

Name of the Festivals/Events City/Province Month
International Film Festival Ankara March
International Film Festival İzmir April
International Children’s Day Ankara April
International Art Festival Ankara April-May
Efes Int’l Fest. of Culture & Tourism Selçuk May
International Music & Folklore Festival Silifke May
International Yachting Festival Marmaris May
International Kilim Festival Uşak May
Int’l Asia-Europe Biennial Ankara May-June
International Tea Festival Rize June
Int’l Offshore Races Istanbul-İzmir June
Int’l Song Festival Pamukkale June
Int’l Beach Volley Tournament Alanya June
International Wine Competition Ürgüp June
Traditional Kırkpınar Wrestling Comp. Edirne June-July
Int’l Folk Dance Festival Samsun July
Hittite Festival Çorum July
Int’l Handicrafts & Pottery Exhibit Avanos July
Troy Festival Çanakkale August
International Fair İzmir Septembe
GAP Culture & Art Festival Gaziantep September
Javelin Games Konya September
Int’l Meerschaum Festival Eskişehir September
Int’l Grape Harvest Festival Ürgüp September
International Fair Mersin September
Assos International Art Festival Assos September
International Bodrum Cup Bodrum October
International Gullet Biennial Bozburun October
International Triathlon Competition Alanya October
Int’l Atatürk Dam Sailing Competition Şanlıurfa October

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